Top 10 Forts in India : History and Information
Forts in India
1. Jaisalmer Fort, Rajasthan
It is one of the largest forts in the world and is located in Rajasthan. It was built by Rawal Jaiswal. This fort was built in the middle of the Thar Desert. Jaisalmer Fort is also known as Sonar Kella.
The Golden Fort is built in a triangle shape on Trikuta hill, 76 km from the city. This fort is consider as the second oldest fort in India. The most attractive Jain temple in the fort, the Royal Palace and the large gates. Jaisalmer is a desert town famous for Trikuta hills, havelis, and lakes.
2. Mehrangarh Fort, Rajashthan
Mehrangarh Fort is located in the Jodhpur city of Rajasthan. It is more than 500 years old and the largest fort. This fort is situated at a considerable height. It was built by Rao Jodha.
There are seven gates in this fort. Each gate was built as a memorial for the king to win in a war.In this fort, Jayapaul Gate was built by Raja Mansingh. Inside the fort, buildings like Moti Mahal, Sheesh Mahal are decorate very beautifully. The temple and museum of Chamunda Devi are inside this fort. The museum of this fort is consider to be the best museum in Rajasthan.
3. Kumbhalgarh Fort, Rajasthan
The Kumbhalgarh Fort at Rajsamand in Rajasthan was built by Maharana Kumbha. This fort has two special features. The first wall of this fort is the second largest wall of the World, which is 36 km long and 15 feet wide, so wide that it can run five horses simultaneously.
Secondly, there are more than 360 temples inside this fort, out of which 300 are ancient Jain temples and the rest are Hindu temples. It is an impregnable fort which the enemy could never win on its own strength. In this fort, palaces, temples and buildings were built at high places and the flat land was used for agricultural work, the same slopes were used for reservoirs, making this fort as self-sufficient as possible.
5. Chittorgarh Fort, Rajasthan
Chittorgarh is call the city of forts. Here you will find the oldest and attractive fort of India. One of those forts is the fort of Chittor. This fort built on the banks of the Berach River.
Being situated on the banks of the river, it is also call the water fort, because this fort has 84 water spaces, 24 of which are in perfect condition today. This fort is a testimony to the bravery of Maharana Pratap. The Rajput Festival is celebrate in Rajasthan, known as Jauhar Mela.
The fort of Chittorgarh has two famous reservoirs, which are famous as Vijay Pillar and Rana Kumbha. Apart from this fort, here you will find Amber Fort, Jaigarh Fort and Taragarh Fort, which are visit by tourists.
4. (Lal Kila) Red Fort Delhi
One of the most attractive and famous forts in India is the Red Fort Delhi. This fort is located in Delhi. This fort built by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan. The walls of this fort are of red stone.
This is the reason why it is known as red fort delhi. There are many things to see inside this fort. Many people come daily to see Moti Masjid, Diwan-i-Aam and Diwan-i-Khas. This fort is on the banks of river Yamuna. An archaeological museum and a museum giving information related to the war have also been built in this fort.
It is one of the most important heritage of India, from where the Prime Minister of the country sends a message to the people of the country and hoists the flag on Independence Day.
6. Red Fort, Agra
The Red Fort built at a distance of 2 km from the Taj Mahal in Uttar Pradesh. In This fort built by Alexander Lodhi to live in Agra. This fort has UNESCO heritage status.
This fort built on the banks of river Yamuna. This red fort of Agra comes in Uttar Pradesh’s Best Tourist Place. Apart from this fort, Jhansi Fort is also famous for its artistry. The fort of Jhansi is the fort of Maharani Laxmibai.
7. Gwalior Fort, Madhya Pradesh
The fort of Gwalior built by Rana Mansingh Tomar in Madhya Pradesh. This fort is one of the historical monuments. The center of attraction of this fort is the Saas-Bahu Temple and the Gujari Mahal. It also has a temple and museum.
This majestic monument is one of the largest forts in India. A postage stamp has also been issue to remember the importance of this fort. It is one of the most favorite tourist places in Madhya Pradesh.
8. Golconda Fort. Hyderabad
Golconda fort in Hyderabad city of Andhra Pradesh built by Kakatiya king. This fort known for its rich history and majestic structure. Golconda is also famous for the diamond mine near Kollur lake. This fort known as the Seven Wonders of Hyderabad.
Apart from this fort, there are many scenic places here like Charminar, Birla Mandir, Ramoji Film City, Hussain Sagar, Salarjung Museum and Mecca Masjid.
9. Kangra Fort, Himachal
Kangra’s royal family built this fort at the confluence of the Banganga and Majhi rivers in the Kangra Valley of Himachal Pradesh. This fort is one of the oldest kilos in the world. It is the largest fort in the Himalayas and the oldest fort in India. This fort has the Vajreshwari temple, which is of great importance.
Apart from forts and temples, Himachal is also famous for its beauty. You can travel by road to see the beauty of Kangra city. Many buildings in Himachal are also near Dharamshala.
10. Panhala Fort, Maharashtra
This fort built in the Sahyadri Mountains near Kolhapur in Maharashtra. This fort reminds of the Maratha rulers. Most of the forts in india Maharashtra built during the time of chatrapati Shivaji maharaj. You can also do trekking in Maharashtra’s Pundar Fort, Bahadurgarh Fort, Ahmedgarh Fort and Ratnagad Fort. These forts are very famous for trekking. The Murud district of Maharashtra is famous for Janjira and the beautiful beach.
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