Kolkata Tourist Places
Places to visit in kolkata – Kolkata has its own special significance in the metro city of India.There are many such arguments recorded here, which highlight many aspects of pre-independence.
There are various excursions, in which Victoria Memorial, Howrah Bridge, Eden Gardens, Dakshineswar Temple, Kalighat, ScienceCity, Alipore Zoo, Birla Planetarium, Fort William, Tipu Sultan Mosque, Jorashnko Thakurbari etc.
Kolkata Tourist Places not only gives pleasure to travel, but also proves very helpful in getting many historical information. A detail description of these places is given below.
History of Kolkata
It is believe that the capital of Bengal use to be Murshidabad earlier. In 1756 AD Siraj-ud-Daula conquer it and made it his capital. Just a year after that, in 1757 AD, Robert Clive, representing the British forces, conquer Murshidabad.
Calcutta became the capital of British India in 1772 AD and around 1912, Warren Hastings transfer all government offices to Calcutta. After that, for a long time this place remain the capital of British India in the name of Calcutta.
Best Places to Visit in Kolkata
Howrah Bridge is also name ‘Ravindra Setu’. It is near Howrah station which connects Howrah to Kolkata. In 1862, the Government of Bengal order George Turnbull, the chief engineer of the East India Railway Company, to build a pool on the Hooghly River.
Due to the marshy land along the shore, a lot of money require for the foundation of this bridge. In 1871, the Howrah Bridge Act was passed and then gradually the bridge came into existence.
The special thing about this bridge is that not a single nut-vault has been use in the construction of this bridge. Instead, the technique of rivet has been use in it. A total of 26,500 tonnes of steel were consume in its construction. The bridge was built under the Mukherjee Commission and fix a certain size for it. It was design by Mr. Walton and Miss Rendell.
In 1943 AD, Howrah Bridge was the third longest bracket bridge in the world. In 2006, this place was reduce to the sixth place. This is a kind of Suspension Bridge. One of its specialties is that such a big bridge rests on only two pillars. There is no support in the middle of this bridge. Many people come from far and wide to see this workmanship.
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Victoria Memorial is a large palatial figure made of marble. It is constructing between 1906 AD to 1921 AD. It is formally establish in 1921. This building was built in memory of Queen Victoria (1819 – 1901). The British government of London had the support for the cost of its construction. It’s total budget was one crore five lakh rupees at that time.
Its design seems to be similar to the design of Tajmal. This palace has octagonal umbrella, terraces and high entrance. There are a total of 25 galleries in which the Royal Gallery, National Leader Gallery, Portrait Gallery, Central Hall, Sclapture Gallery, Arms and Armauri Gallery, Calcutta Gallery etc. are prominent. places to visit in kolkata.
There are many big pictures of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert in the Royal Gallery. These photos are replicas of the pictures of the Queen locate in London.
Eden Gardens is a cricket stadium locate in Kolkata. It was establish in 1864. This is the ‘home ground’ of the Bengal cricket team. All types of cricket tournaments play every years. This ground is name after Eden, sister of Lord Auckland, the Governor General of British India.
This is a very big stadium, in which about one 60 thousand people can sit together and enjoy a match. places to visit in kolkata.
In this, the first Test match was played in 1934 and the first one-day match was played in 1987 AD. In this ground V.V.S. Laxman scored the most Test match runs. The Indian team scored the most ODI matches here. The Indian team had scored 405 runs for five wickets in this match. Rohit Sharma scored the highest score of 264 runs in this ODI against Sri Lanka in this ground.
Dakshineswar is the temple of Kali, the mother goddess of Hindus. It was built by Rani Rashmini. It is believe that when Queen Rashmani was about to make a pilgrimage to Benares, she had a dream of Mother Goddess, in which Mother said that she has no need to go to Benaras. You build a beautiful temple on the banks of the Ganges and arrange for my worship. After doing this, I will accept my worship there.
This temple is base on the special architectural art of Bengal, Navratna. This temple is of three floors with the entrance facing south. It has a total of 9 peaks. Temple of the area over a total of 20 acres of land. The name of the idol of Mother Kali established in this temple is Maa Bhavatarini. Ramakrishna Paramahansa arrive in this temple in 1855 AD. He was an assistant to his elder brother priest Ramkumar, after Ramkumar’s death, he became a priest here.
The day of the installation of the idol of Goddess Kali in this temple was fix on the day of ‘Snan Yatra’. On 31 May 1855, many priests and pandits from various provinces of India were invite to worship. Accepting this invitation, nearly one lakh priests took part in the idol installation.
Rani Rashmini was able to stay here only for five years and nine months after the inauguration of this temple, after which her health started deteriorating. Around 1861, after finding himself near death, he handed over his land, which he had bought in Dinajpur, to the trust of the temple, so that the temple’s care could be sustained.
There are 12 temples of Lord Shiva in this temple. Black and white stones have been use in these temples. These temples of Lord Shiva are locate near Kuthi Bari. Shiva-lingas have been establish in all temples. All these temples have been built on the east side.
Temples of Lord Vishnu in the north-eastern direction of Dakshineswar Temple. In this temple statue of Lord Krishna of twenty-one and a half inches and Radha of sixteen inches. It is believe that Shri RamKrishna Paramahansa himself worship in this temple. This place becomes the center of attraction at the time of Kali Puja. During this time the temple is decorate very well with the use of many lights and different types of flowers. Devotees start waiting in line from the morning on the day of worship and opening the main gate. places to visit in kolkata.
Belur Math is the headquarters of the monastery and mission established by Swami Vivekananda. It is situate on the banks of river Hooghly. Swami Vivekananda was the chief disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa. This monastery is the most important place for social reforms undertaken by Swami Ramakrishna.
Over the years, it has several branches in India and abroad, including 141 in India, 14 in Bangladesh, 13 in America, 2 in Russia and 1-1 in Brazil, Argentina, Canada, Fiji, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Switzerland land etc. Installed on. In total, there are 187 branches of this mission and monastery around the world. Apart from this, many sub-schools were also open. Following are its many features.
The biggest feature of this temple is that it works to connect all religions. In this way it also becomes a symbol of national unity. The main gate of this temple locate in Belur Math has been construct like the main gate of Buddhist temples, which gets even bigger inside and looks like temples located in South India.
The windows inside the temple are built in the Rajputana style of northern India and the palaces of some Mughal emperors. The temple is derive from the arts originating in the Middle European Renaissance period. Its ground map is shape like a Christian cross.
Science City is a science focus museum located in Kolkata. Its main objective is to increase interest in science among the common people. Its foundation on 1st July 1997. In this, many scientific things and facts have been present in a very interesting way. In one place, it showcases the things of Illusion, along with things like ‘Power of Tense’, ‘Fresh Water Aquarium’, ‘Live Butterfly Enclave’, ‘Science on a Sphere’.
Illusion is a permanent exhibition in which Illusion of the world is display in a very interesting way. There are 43 exhibits in the Power of Tense, which shows the smallest level of the universe increasing or decreasing in proportion to 10.
The Fresh Water Aquarium locate in it has a total of 26 tanks, in which a variety of fish are display. There is also a lot of description of the biodiversity of fish. There is an exhibition of butterflies in the ‘Live Butterfly Enclave’.
It has built a circular projection system from the ‘National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’ (NOAA), which can see 70 exhibitions simultaneously. This exhibition is a total of 30 minutes. There is a science exploration house here. This exploration house, establish in 2016. It has four main sections. The ‘Emerging Technology Gallery’, ‘Evolution of Life – A Dark Side’, ‘Panorama of Human Evolution’ and ‘Science and Technology Heritage of India’.
Kolkata has always been the center of spirituality, which is one of the reasons that people here have a lot of faith in deities. Kalighat is the temple of Mother Kali. Kalighat also has a place among the 51 Shaktipeeths of India. It is believe that Sati’s toe fell here. In January 1570 AD, Padmavati Debi, daughter-in-law of the Sabarna Roychowdhury family, saw a divine light coming from Kali Kund. It was seen that this light was coming from a small stone. With this miracle, Laxmikant Roy Chaudhary was born in the month of October this year.
The temple of Kali Maa seen in the present times is only 200 years old. While its history is around the fifteenth century. The original temple was a small hut in ancient times. The present temple has been built by Santhosh Roy Choudhary, a descendant of Subarna Roy Choudhary. There is a plant name ‘Sosthi Tala’ in the temple.
It is a cactus plant with stones in its roots. Those are call Maa Shoshti, Maa Sheetla and Maa Mangal Chandi. It was founded in the year 1880 by a devotee named Govind Das. It is also consider to be the tomb of Brahmananda Giri. Along with this temple is a temple of Lord Shiva, which is call Nakuleshwar Temple. There is also a temple of Radha-Krishna due to being a Shakti Peetha, the huge importance here.
Alipur is the oldest of the formally establish zoo in India. It was first opened in May 1876 as a zoo. It is locate in Alipur Road, Kolkata. This zoo spread over 46.5 acres. It is one of the major excursion Kolkata Tourist Places. R.B. Sanyal was the first superintendent of this zoo.
This place is a great place to visit Christmas, New Year or Winter. It has Royal Bengal tiger, Mega-fauna, African lion, Asiatic lion, Jaguar, Hippopotamus, Elephant etc., thus remains a center of attraction here. Among the animals of the reptile class, it includes crocodile, king cobra, clock watch, Indian cobra, star turtle, rattle snake, etc.
Birds include emu, vulture, white abyss, spoon bill, ostrich, bulbul, cuckoo, golden pheasant, Chinese silver pheasant, osprey, black cranes, Australian parrots, etc.
National Library is the history of the Calcutta Public Library. Initially it is a non-governmental institution. This library is locate in Alipur, Kolkata. It is open from 9 am to 8 pm on normal days and open from 9:30 am to 6 pm on Saturday and Sunday.
There are twenty two lakh seventy thousand books in it. In addition, there are eighty-six thousand maps and three thousand manuscripts. Material can be assemble from here for any kind of exploration. Separately, this library full of many good books of Lalag branch is a wonderful center of learning.
It is constructing in the era of British India. The Fort William was built in 1696 AD. In 1756, Siraj ud Daula, the Nawab of Bengal invaded and won this fort and name it Alinagar. After that, the British government deci to establish a new fort.
Built of brick and mortar, this fort is an irregular octahedral spanning five square kilometres, with five walls towards the ground and the remaining three walls towards the river Ganges. This is like a star fort. Soldiers living in such fortresses have no fear of cannons. It has a total of six gates. The names of these gates are Chowringhee, Plassey, Calcutta, Water Gate, St. George’s and Treasor’s Gate respectively.
This place is now a beautiful place to visit in Kolkata as well as a historical place. Many historical information is also available when you come here. It also has an important place in many excursions of Calcutta.
It is also important place in the main excursions of places to visit in kolkata. Birla Planetarium locate in Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Kolkata. It is establish on 2 July 1963. This is the largest planetarium in India.
The electronic laboratory in which the structure and design of scientific objects has been given. There is an astronomy gallery in it, in which there are big pictures of many astronomers and the star-studded stars in the sky. These devices have Celestron C-14 STsix with CCD camera and solar filter.
Best time to visit in Kolkata
Places to visit in kolkata locate on the eastern coast of India, Kolkata has a distinct tropical climate. Most importantly that you can plan according to your journey.
October to March:
The onset of autumn makes the weather very pleasant and it is a wonderful time places to visit in kolkata. Apart from the weather, it is also a time for festivals. Kolkata is alive during Durga Puja, meaning that all cities have many pandals with idols of the beautiful Goddess Maa Durga. Here Lakshmi Puja and Kali Puja are also very important.
At this time temperature varies between 9°C to 11°C . December and January are the best months and for this time you may need light warm clothes, especially at night. Sometimes it rains, which makes the weather pleasant.
April to May:
This is the time of summer season. However, temperature ranges from 40° to 30°C and weather is fine for carrying sunglasses and comfortable for cotton clothes, but difficult to do sightseeing in summer.
June to September:
This is the time of monsoon temperature comes down when humidity level increases. August is the worst month and it is cause by prolonged rainfall. There is less rain in September and mild cool breeze moves in the evening, which it can be pleasant to do tourism here.
How to reach Kolkata
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is locate at Dum Dum, about 17 km from the heart of Kolkata city. This airport has good connectivity to major cities in India and abroad. From the airport you can take your taxi or bus to reach your final destination.
Kolkata has an efficient network of railways and is well connect to cities across the country. Superfast trains like Rajdhani Express and Shatabdi Express connect Kolkata with Delhi and nearby places. There are two major railway stations – one is in Howrah and the other is located in Sealdah.
Kolkata is connect to most cities of India. National Highways Nos. 2 and 6 connect the city with other cities and states in India. Kolkata has an extensive network of government and private buses. Kolkata State Transport Corporation (CSTC), Kolkata Tramways Company (CTC) and West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation (WBSTC) etc. run regular bus services here. Esplanade Terminus is the main terminus in the center of Kolkata. So places to visit in kolkata and enjoy.